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Male or Female

Only females produce THC, so we do not need the male plants. Even more they obstruct the growth of the female plants, because they fertilize them. So how do I see the difference between the males and the females ?

The female plant can be recognized by many features. A female weed plant looks healthy and has many ramifications. But the best way to find out if you are dealing with a male or a female is to look at the armpits of the leafs. The picture shown below is of a female, to be recognized by a hair coming out of the head.

female weed plant

What also helps to recognize a female is the beginning of flowering. A female plant will then show hairs everywhere at the ends of the ramifications. Where subsequently the tops will grow as you can see in the picture below.

female weed plant

The male plants can often soon be recognized for not looking really healthy. Moreover they only grow vertically so do not have many ramifications. The male plant neither looks that full and fat. The male weed plant often does not have that many leafs as a female plant does.

More info about male or female cannabis plants can be found here.

Which seeds do I buy ?

Are you a beginner and do you start growing weed plants, then I recommend you take one of the following types. These types are known for being strong plants and resistant to fungi.

Outdoors:

  • Hollands Hope (strong plant)
  • Dutch passion Shaman (feminized, after all the males are of no use)
  • Super Thai Skunk (flowers early, in the beginning of October)
  • Dutch Passion Purple #1

Indoors:

  • White Widow (strong plant, a lot of THC)
  • Northern Lights (strong plant, high yield)
  • Amnesia Haze

All the above Cannabis seeds are avaible at Dutch Headshop.

Types of weed

When choosing the seeds, you need to decide first if you want to grow indoors or outdoors. Then you choose a type that you know you like. The most important types are listed below. The features may deviate per seed bank and per type:

White Widow: The first of all white types that appeared in the nineties. Grows fast, has thick tops and produces a lot of THC. The white widow generally has a Sativa High. The white widow is mostly grown indoors.

Skunk: The first true Indica-Sativa cross-fertilization. The strength of this branch of the cannabis pedigree is so notorious, that ‘skunk’ is often used as a name for every strong marijuana. Skunk itself is often also cross-fertilized with other types. Skunk is often suitable for growing in a greenhouse or outdoors.

Northern Light: Also one of the most important types which have been cross-fertilized later on. The Northern Light is grown in California and has made its way to Europe in the sixties. Northern light has been the basis for the present-day Dutch weed. Northern Light is one of the strongest types of weed and it may yield up to 39% of THC. It is mostly grown inside. The plant remains reasonably low and has a high yield.

Haze: The haze comes from California and is a mix of Colombia, Mexican, Thai and Jamaican. The haze has a long flowering period and is known for its heavy high effect. Haze mostly has a long flowering duration (14 weeks) and not a very high yield. The haze is a popular type among medical users. Haze is also grown a lot on Jamaica and is known as Bob Marley’s favourite. The haze is mostly grown indoors, but cross-fertilizations doing well outside exist as well.

The above types of weed can be bought via these links:

White widow
White widow Feminized
Northern Light

Clones or seeds

If you want to start growing and you do not have weed plants yet, then you start buying weed seeds. You could also buy cuttings or clones from somebody else and continue growing with these. However, cloning has a couple of disadvantages. First of all the clones are not sterile and with cloning you also bring along the insects and fungi from the growing room of the other person.

The big advantage of cloning is that you know for sure you are dealing with females. However with the emergence of the feminized or female seeds, there are ever less growers working with seeds. Germinating is easy and you are able to time perfectly when you want to start and when you want to harvest.

Indica or Sativa

Although most types of weed are a cross-fertilization of the Sativa and the Indica, it is good to know the difference between those two types.
Most Dutch weed originates from this.

Features of the Sativa are:

  • Grow higher
  • Thin long leafs
  • Need more time in the Flowering phase
  • Continue growing in the Flowering phase
  • Large slender plant
  • Needs a lot of light
  • A lot of THC
  • The weed produces a more high effect (energetic)
  • Suitable as a medical weed

Features of the Indica are:

  • Compact, dense plant with heavy tops
  • Grow more in a circle than the sativa
  • Shorter flowering time
  • Grow less high
  • A lot of CBD
  • Bigger yield
  • The weed has a relaxing effect (stoned)
  • Suitable for use as a medical weed, especially as a painkiller and against insomnia
  • Large dark green leafs

Harvest

After 10 to 12 weeks you can start harvesting. This depends on the type and also on the circumstances of growing. You should try and bring in the harvest when the plant is on its peak. Then the yield is highest and the quality is best. When you notice a part of the pistils becoming brown and the small leafs are completely raised and full of resin glands, then it is time to harvest. Cut off the yield from the plants and leave the tops dry at a temperature between 10 and 18 degrees for minimally one week. After that it is best to keep the yield airtight.

harvest

Frequently asked questions about growing

1: Do all weed seeds sprout when germinating ?
With most types a minimum of 75% of the seeds sprout. With the better brands this percentage is around 90 %.

2: When can I place my sprigs in the sun or under lamps ?
If the sprigs have a second or a third embranchment, they are strong enough to withstand sunlight or the light of lamps. Always keep a distance of 50 cm between the plant and the lamp.

3: How can I keep my weed seeds ?
The seeds can best be kept dry, cool (4 degrees) and in a dark place. The refrigerator is an excellent place for this purpose, but in an airtight packing. The seeds may certainly not become humid.

4: For how long can I keep weed seeds ?
Two years is no problem at all. After that the chance of germinating will decrease every year.

5: How do I know I can start harvesting ?
The maturity of the female cannabis plant can best be observed by the colours of the hair at the flower of the plant. These hairs start being white and end up being red or orange. When 75 % of these hairs have changed colour, the plant is ready to be harvested.

6: Is growing weed legal ?
No, growing cannabis is not legal, even less than 5 plants is not. Growing on a small scale for private use is allowed or not depending on local policy.

7: As of when can I grow weed outdoors ?
When there is no night frost anymore. This is mostly as of 15 May after the so-called late spring.

8: When does the weed plant start to flower ?
The weed plant starts to flower when it notices autumn is in the air. When you grow weed plants indoors, you can decide this yourself. If you grow outdoors this is mostly around the end of August. The weed plant reacts to the nights becoming longer. After the nights become longer, it still takes about two weeks before the flower is really visible.

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